IT security today is one of the organization’s priorities. For this reason, many of them have a security process to protect the business infrastructure. In that sense, ethical hacking has become an essential service to discover where insecurity or vulnerability lies.
But what is ethical hacking in essence? It analyzes the computer systems and programs, simulating the role of a cybercriminal and pretending attacks to the company or “penetration tests”, with the specific purpose of evaluating the real state of IT security. Its main advantage is that it informs companies about their possible weaknesses and indicates the keys they must follow to protect themselves from cyber attacks.
We have considered 3 specific objectives that ethical hacking offers:
- Improve security processes, the software update, the incident response plan, etc.
- Raise awareness among professionals about the importance of computer security in their daily work.
- Anticipate the possible cyber attacks, ending their vulnerabilities.
Experts can focus on the analysis of the external or internal network of the company, or web applications. The optimum is to go to companies that have a staff expert in the field and most importantly, certified.
To carry out this process, it is mandatory to have a contract in which the company expresses its authorization to the auditor, in addition to its obligations that must be fulfilled such as confidentiality, integrity, professional secrecy, limits of the audit, etc. The final result indicates the weak points of the company and what steps must be taken to eliminate these weaknesses or mitigate them if their elimination is not possible.